Led Zeppelin

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Led Zeppelin were the definitive heavy metal band. It wasn't just their crushingly loud interpretation of the blues -- it was how they incorporated mythology, mysticism, and a variety of other genres (most notably world music and British folk) -- into their sound. Led Zeppelin had mystique. They rarely gave interviews, since the music press detested the band. Consequently, the only connection the audience had with the band was through the records and the concerts. More than any other band, Led Zeppelin established the concept of album-oriented rock, refusing to release popular songs from their albums as singles. In doing so, they established the dominant format for heavy metal, as well as the genre's actual sound.

Led Zeppelin formed out of the ashes of the Yardbirds. Jimmy Page had joined the band in its final days, playing a pivotal role on their final album, 1967's Little Games, which also featured string arrangements from John Paul Jones. During 1967, the Yardbirds were fairly inactive. While the Yardbirds decided their future, Page returned to session work in 1967. In the spring of 1968, he played on Jones' arrangement of Donovan's "Hurdy Gurdy Man." During the sessions, Jones requested to be part of any future project Page would develop. Page would have to assemble a band sooner than he had planned. In the summer of 1968, the Yardbirds' Keith Relf and James McCarty left the band, leaving Page and bassist Chris Dreja with the rights to the name, as well as the obligation of fulfilling an upcoming fall tour. Page set out to find a replacement vocalist and drummer. Initially, he wanted to enlist singer Terry Reid and Procol Harum's drummer B.J. Wilson, but neither musician was able to join the group. Reid suggested that Page contact Robert Plant, who was singing with a band called Hobbstweedle.

After hearing him sing, Page asked Plant to join the band in August of 1968, the same month Chris Dreja dropped out of the new project. Following Dreja's departure, John Paul Jones joined the group as its bassist. Plant recommended that Page hire John Bonham, the drummer for Plant's old band, the Band of Joy. Bonham had to be persuaded to join the group, as he was being courted by other artists who offered the drummer considerably more money. By September, Bonham agreed to join the band. Performing under the name the New Yardbirds, the band fulfilled the Yardbirds' previously booked engagements in late September 1968. The following month, they recorded their debut album in just under 30 hours. Also in October, the group switched its name to Led Zeppelin. The band secured a contract with Atlantic Records in the United States before the end of the year. Early in 1969, Led Zeppelin set out on their first American tour, which helped set the stage for the January release of their eponymous debut album. Two months after its release, Led Zeppelin had climbed into the U.S. Top Ten. Throughout 1969, the band toured relentlessly, playing dates in America and England. While they were on the road, they recorded their second album, Led Zeppelin II, which was released in October of 1969. Like its predecessor, Led Zeppelin II was an immediate hit, topping the American charts two months after its release and spending seven weeks at number one. The album helped establish Led Zeppelin as an international concert attraction, and for the next year, the group continued to tour relentlessly. Led Zeppelin's sound began to deepen with Led Zeppelin III. Released in October of 1970, the album featured an overt British folk influence. The group's infatuation with folk and mythology would reach a fruition on the group's untitled fourth album, which was released in November of 1971. Led Zeppelin IV was the band's most musically diverse effort to date, featuring everything from the crunching rock of "Black Dog" to the folk of "The Battle of Evermore," as well as "Stairway to Heaven," which found the bridge between the two genres. "Stairway to Heaven" was an immediate radio hit, eventually becoming the most played song in the history of album-oriented radio; the song was never released as a single. Despite the fact that the album never reached number one in America, Led Zeppelin IV was their biggest album ever, selling well over 16 million copies over the next two and a half decades.

Led Zeppelin did tour to support both Led Zeppelin III and Led Zeppelin IV, but they played fewer shows than they did on their previous tours. Instead, they concentrated on only playing larger venues. After completing their 1972 tour, the band retreated from the spotlight and recorded their fifth album. Released in the spring of 1973, Houses of the Holy continued the band's musical experimentation, featuring touches of funk and reggae among their trademark rock and folk. The success of Houses of the Holy set the stage for a record-breaking American tour. Throughout their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin broke box-office records -- most of which were previously held by the Beatles -- across America. The group's concert at Madison Square Garden in July was filmed for use in the feature film The Song Remains the Same, which was released three years later. After their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin spent a quiet year during 1974, releasing no new material and performing no concerts. They did, however, establish their own record label, Swan Song, which released all of Led Zeppelin's subsequent albums, as well as records by Dave Edmunds, Bad Company, the Pretty Things, and several others. Physical Graffiti, a double album released in February of 1975, was the band's first release on Swan Song. The album was an immediate success, topping the charts in both America and England. Led Zeppelin launched a large American tour in 1975, but it came to a halt when Robert Plant and his wife suffered a serious car crash while vacationing in Greece. The tour was canceled and Plant spent the rest of the year recuperating from the accident.

Led Zeppelin returned to action in the spring of 1976 with Presence. Although the album debuted at number one in both America and England, the reviews for the album were lukewarm, as was the reception to the live concert film The Song Remains the Same, which appeared in the fall of 1976. The band finally returned to tour America in the Spring of 1977. A couple of months into the tour, Plant's six-year-old son Karac died of a stomach infection. Led Zeppelin immediately canceled the tour and offered no word whether or not it would be rescheduled, causing widespread speculation about the band's future. For a while, it did appear that Led Zeppelin was finished. Robert Plant spent the latter half of 1977 and the better part of 1978 in seclusion. The group didn't begin work on a new album until late in the summer of 1978, when they began recording at ABBA's Polar studios in Sweden. A year later, the band played a short European tour, performing in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, and Austria. In August of 1979, Led Zeppelin played two large concerts at Knebworth; the shows would be their last English performances.

In Through the Out Door, the band's much-delayed eighth studio album, was finally released in September of 1979. The album entered the charts at number one in both America and England. In May of 1980, Led Zeppelin embarked on their final European tour. In September, Led Zeppelin began rehearsing at Jimmy Page's house in preparation for an American tour. On September 25, John Bonham was found dead in his bed -- following an all-day drinking binge, he had passed out and choked on his own vomit. In December of 1980, Led Zeppelin announced they were disbanding, since they could not continue without Bonham.

Following the breakup, the remaining members all began solo careers. John Paul Jones returned to producing and arranging, finally releasing his solo debut, Zooma, in 1999. After recording the soundtrack for Death Wish II, Jimmy Page compiled the Zeppelin outtakes collection Coda, which was released at the end of 1982. That same year, Robert Plant began a solo career with the Pictures at Eleven album. In 1984, Plant and Page briefly reunited in the all-star oldies band the Honeydrippers. After recording one EP with the Honeydrippers, Plant returned to his solo career and Page formed the Firm with former Bad Company singer Paul Rogers. In 1985, Led Zeppelin reunited to play Live Aid, sparking off a flurry of reunion rumors; the reunion never materialized. In 1988, the band re-formed to play Atlantic's 25th anniversary concert. During 1989, Page remastered the band's catalog for release on the 1990 box set Led Zeppelin. The four-disc set became the biggest-selling multi-disc box set of all time, which was followed up three years later by another box set, the mammoth ten-disc set The Complete Studio Recordings.

In 1994, Page and Plant reunited to record a segment for MTV Unplugged, which was released as No Quarter in the fall of 1994. Although the album went platinum, the sales were disappointing considering the anticipation of a Zeppelin reunion. The following year, Page and Plant embarked on a successful international tour, which eventually led to an all-new studio recording in 1998, the Steve Albini-produced Walking Into Clarksdale. Surprisingly, the album was met with a cool reception by the record-buying public, as Page and Plant ended their union shortly thereafter, once again going their separate ways (Page would go on to tour with the Black Crowes, while Plant would resume his solo career). Further Zeppelin compilation releases saw the light of day in the late-'90s, including 1997's stellar double-disc BBC Sessions, plus Zep's first true best-of collections -- 1999's Early Days: The Best Of, Vol. 1 and 2000's Latter Days: The Best Of, Vol. 2. ~ Stephen Thomas Erlewine, All Music Guide.


New member
J.Page is one of the Goldhawk's 'kids'.
The GH wasn't a regular music venue. But on weekends , part of its attraction was live bands which included many soon-be-important musicians such as Nicky Hopkins and Jimmy Page.


New member
There were so many brilliant young guitarista around London at the time: Jimmy Page, Brian Jones, Keith Richard,Ritchie Blackmore, Eric Clapton.


New member
I coulds never remember a time when LZ wasn't Great.

Their songs meant more to me, [email protected], than anything else I knew-books, movies, football stars or most other people, for that matter. In the world of soviet fakes, LZ was Real and True.
The fresh blast of Gallows Pole :

Hangman, hangman, hold it a little while,
Think I see my friends coming, Riding a many mile.
Friends, did you get some silver?
Did you get a little gold?
What did you bring me, my dear friends, To keep me from the Gallows Pole?
What did you bring me to keep me from the Gallows Pole?

I couldn't get no silver, I couldn't get no gold,
You know that we're too damn poor to keep you from the Gallows Pole.
Hangman, hangman, hold it a little while,
I think I see my brother coming, riding a many mile.
Brother, did you get me some silver?
Did you get a little gold?
What did you bring me, my brother, to keep me from the Gallows Pole?

Brother, I brought you some silver,
I brought a little gold, I brought a little of everything
To keep you from the Gallows Pole.
Yes, I brought you to keep you from the Gallows Pole.

Hangman, hangman, turn your head awhile,
I think I see my sister coming, riding a many mile, mile, mile.
Sister, I implore you, take him by the hand,
Take him to some shady bower, save me from the wrath of this man,
Please take him, save me from the wrath of this man, man.

Hangman, hangman, upon your face a smile,
Pray tell me that I'm free to ride,
Ride for many mile, mile, mile.

Oh, yes, you got a fine sister, She warmed my blood from cold,
Brought my blood to boiling hot To keep you from the Gallows Pole,
Your brother brought me silver, Your sister warmed my soul,
But now I laugh and pull so hard And see you swinging on the Gallows Pole

Swingin' on the gallows pole!

was a clean kill.
It transfixed me as I stood fearful that it would end.
Guitars cracked like whips, drums pounded like heads against walls.
The vocal was a snarl of PAIN and CONFUSION , perfectly suited to my own teenage tribulation.
It took my breath away and left me reeling and dizzy.


New member
Hope to see you soon over the board again . I've got something for you. Bye for a while.


New member
Gee,Makhno. LZ played blues. I got my introduction to blues and a lot of other stuff, too. Mose Allison, Jimmy Smith, John Lee Hooker, a lot of great music. By 1973 I'd already started to develop a bit of knowledge of what lay behind rock. The guy who really influenced the sound I did was John Lee Hooker. That really impressed me. Although I was listening to a lot of jazz...Hold on to what you got, man.


New member
LZ within the conception of the Rock Generation.

"The best things in life are free.
But you can keep them for the birds and bees. Just give me money."

"Money”, in fact, attacked the shallowness of materialism by holding a mirror up to society. "Protest songs" of the early sixties, like those of Bob Dylan and LZ , combined

political and social criticism with personal comment on the difficulties faced by a new generation with no sense of permanence and commitment. "It Ain't Me Babe" reflected

a youth culture that could find sex but not love. The theme was further explored in the plays of Jean Anouilh, whose heroes and heroines consistently chose death and higher

values than the compromises inherent in living in "the real world". The Beatles, however, offered an antidote, and the amazing phenomenon of "Beatlemania", was based on a

celebration of life and most particularly of love. The blithe following the sun of Paul Macartney, like much of Paul's music, was firmly grounded in the family life and

traditional values, on which he was to successfully build his partnership with his wife, Linda. The troubled windy skies and English rain of John Lennon, reflected the

different experience of a searcher who "Imagined" a better world before he found peace with a "Woman" and "Sean". The Beatles message to the world in the very first global

television spectacular was the specially composed "All You Need Is Love".

The success of the Beatles, and "Merseybeat" generally, owed much to the way that they represented a truth to British society in the early 60's. Their talents and success

were in line with the assessments carried out on young men doing their National Service, which had revealed that the 11+ system was leading to a waste of a great deal of

talent. Moreover, in spite of the work of the 1945-1951 government, it still appeared to be a society in which some people would clap their hands "while the rest of you

could just rattle your jewellery." Having survived the tensions of the Cuba Missile Crisis and the imminent possibility of a nuclear holocaust, there was a general

conviction that things should get better.

Its supporters hoped that a new Labour administration would remedy some the sources of tension, conflict and inefficiency in British society and in the British economy.

As England won the World Cup, and the Beatles swept all before them around the World, however, it soon became obvious that life was just a little more complicated than

catchy boy/girl love songs suggested. Finding the Beatles elevated to celebrity status as prominent citizens of a new World media community, John Lennon in particular was

able to identify with, and articulate, the new anger and "angst" of youth revolt. While John found a new identity as a quasi-Biblical prophet, George Harrison “retreated”

into Eastern mysticism. In spite of the bonds of friendship it proved increasingly difficult for the “Fab Four” to "Get Back" and "Come Together", but The Rolling Stones

re-emerged from a temporary near-oblivion with "Their Dark Satanic Majesties Request". The “Sympathy for the Devil” struck its own chord and the "stop the world we want to

get off" attitude of underachieving male teenagers continued to be a major cost to Britain in lost and wasted potential.

Like the Blair Government the Wilson administration made education a major priority. The comprehensive school revolution was to widen the ladder of opportunity, remove the

perceived stigma of "11+ failure" , and tap the full potential of the young. Unfortunately in areas where the Welfare State had encouraged a victim culture of helplessness,

dependency, and irresponsibility, it allowed for anti- social or a- social pupil populations to be concentrated in large institutions, in which effective learning and

discipline were frequently impossible. Teachers were too often associated in their pupils minds with a the dominant “white middle class” establishment created by the

Welfare State and, in any case, the late fifties normality of full employment, mindless, unskilled work, and historically affluent leisured youth made school appear an

unnecessary and irrelevant interruption in "real life". Meanwhile, the abandonment of the 11 + testing system removed a positive motivation and goal for children in their

last year of primary education. Some of those who were illiterate at the age of 11 just carried on through “the system” ending up still illiterate at the age of 15/16. Then

they expected the state to provide a guaranteed low-skilled or unskilled job for life.

Economic performance too continued to disappoint. Post-war changes in Britain had left the "working man" as no more than a provider of labour. With this economic and

conservative identity thrust upon it the defence of the "status quo" had become vital to the labour force. While the growing competitiveness and competence of the

"developing World" contributed to the de-industrialisation of Britain, expensive low-skilled labour and poor management in Britain left our economy poorly equipped for both


Soon the increased levels of taxation and inflation exacerbated internal tensions and demands, and the hope of national partnership "In Place of Strife" faded. By the time

that Mr Wilson had retired, some trade union leaders were quite open in their preference for a Conservative government, which they could fight with a clear conscience,

rather than face the responsibilities, which went with partnership in power.


New member

January 9, 1944
James Patrick (Jimmy) Page born in Heston, Middlesex, England.

June 3, 1946
John Baldwin aka John Paul Jones born in Sidcup, Kent, England.

May 31, 1948
John Henry Bonham (“Bonzo”) born in Bromwich, England.

August 20, 1948
Robert Plant born in West Bromwich, England.

July 7, 1968
The Yardbirds featuring guitarist Jimmy Page disband after playing their fi

nal show in
Luton, Bedfordshire, England. To fulfi ll outstanding contractual commitments,

recruits a new lineup with Jones, Bonham, and Plant.

August 19, 1968
First rehearsal of the new quartet at 22 Gerrard Street in London.

September 7, 1968
The band makes its live debut in Copenhagen, billed as “New Yardbirds” or

birds featuring Jimmy Page.”

September 27, 1968
The band begins recording its debut album at Olympic Studios in London,

by Jimmy Page and engineered by Glyn Johns.

October 15, 1968
By the time of its fi rst U.K. performance, at Surrey University, the band has

taken the
name Led Zeppelin.

November 13, 1968
Atlantic executive Jerry Wexler signs Led Zeppelin to Atlantic Records for

an advance
of £110,000 (approximately U.S. $210,000).

December 26, 1968
Led Zeppelin begins its inaugural U.S. tour, supporting Vanilla Fudge in


January 12, 1969
The self-titled debut album, Led Zeppelin , is released on Atlantic.

February 15, 1969

Led Zeppelin enters the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart, ultimately

reaching number
ten in the United States and number six in the United Kingdom.

April 24, 1969
The band begins a fi ve-week headlining U.S. tour at Fillmore West in San


July 5, 1969
Led Zeppelin performs at the Atlanta International Pop Festival in Atlanta,


October 17, 1969
The band plays the fi rst rock concert at New York’s Carnegie Hall since the

Stones’ appearance in 1965.

December 6, 1969
Led Zeppelin enters the Top Forty with “Whole Lotta Love.” It peaks at

number four,
the highest-charting U.S. single of the band’s career.

December 27, 1969
Led Zeppelin II tops the Billboard chart and stays at number one for

seven weeks. In
February 1970, the album hits number one in the United Kingdom.

June 1970
At Headley Grange, the band begins work on its third album using the Rolling

mobile studio.

June 28, 1970
Led Zeppelin headline the Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music in

before a crowd of over 200,000.

October 31, 1970
Led Zeppelin III becomes the band’s second U.S. number one album.
January 30, 1971
“Immigrant Song,” a single from Led Zeppelin III , reaches number fi fteen

on the
Hot 100.

March 5, 1971
During a show in Belfast, Led Zeppelin performs the classic “Stairway to

Heaven” for
the fi rst time in public.

November 8, 1971
Led Zeppelin’s untitled fourth album (commonly referred to as Led Zeppelin

IV ) is
released in the United States and after one week is certifi ed gold. The album

on the chart for 259 weeks but never goes to number one.

February 12, 1972
Led Zeppelin hits number fi fteen with “Black Dog,” a single from Led

Zeppelin IV .

May 5, 1973
56,800 fans attend a Led Zeppelin concert at Tampa Stadium in Florida

breaking the
attendance record set by the Beatles at Shea Stadium in 1965.

May 12, 1973
Led Zeppelin’s fi fth album, Houses of the Holy (released March 28),

becomes their
third U.S. LP to reach number one. The album remains on the chart for ninety-

weeks and is later certifi ed for sales of eleven million units.

December 29, 1973
Led Zeppelin hits number twenty with “D‘yer Mak’er,” a single from Houses

of the
Holy .

January 1975
Led Zeppelin launches the Swan Song label and previews its forthcoming album

gala press parties in New York and Los Angeles. Distributed by Atlantic

Swan Song releases the band’s own albums and others by Bad Company, Dave
Edmunds, and the Pretty Things.

January 11, 1975
Led Zeppelin plays its fi rst live show in 18 months in Rotterdam, the

Netherlands. A
major U.S. tour begins January 18 in Minneapolis.

February 24, 1975
Led Zeppelin’s double album, Physical Graffi ti , is released. It reaches

number one in
both the United States and United Kingdom and tops the Billboard chart for

a total of
six weeks.

March 29, 1975
Led Zeppelin becomes the fi rst band in history to place six albums at once

on the
Billboard chart: Physical Graffi ti (number one), Led Zeppelin IV ,

Houses of the Holy ,
Led Zeppelin II , Led Zeppelin , and Led Zeppelin III.

August 4, 1975
Robert Plant, his wife Maureen, and their children Karac and Carmen are

injured in a car crash while vacationing in Greece.

November, 1975
Led Zeppelin’s new album, Presence , is recorded in just eighteen days in

Los Angeles.

March 31, 1976
Presence is released and quickly becomes the band’s 5th U.S. number one

spending thirty weeks on the Billboard chart.

October 20, 1976
Led Zeppelin’s concert documentary, The Song Remains the Same , premieres

in New
York. A double-disc soundtrack reaches number two in the United States and

one in the United Kingdom.

April 1, 1977
The band begins a new U.S. tour at Memorial Auditorium in Dallas.

April 30, 1977
Led Zeppelin sets a new world attendance record for a solo indoor attraction

with an
appearance at the Pontiac Silverdome in Detroit attended by 76,229 fans.

August 1979
Led Zeppelin headlines the Knebworth Festival in Hertfordshire, England,

performances on 8/4 and 8/11.

August 15, 1979
Led Zeppelin’s fi nal studio album, In Through the Out Door , is released.

Recorded in
November–December 1978 at Polar Studios in Stockholm, Sweden, In Through the
Out Door becomes the fi rst album by a rock band to debut at number one on

Billboard chart and retains the top spot for seven weeks.

July 7, 1980
At the conclusion of a two-week European tour, Led Zeppelin plays its fi nal

performance at Eissporthalle in Berlin.

September 25, 1980
After a day and night of heavy drinking, Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham

dies of
asphyxiation in his sleep.

December 4, 1980
Led Zeppelin releases a statement announcing that it is disbanding in the

wake of
drummer John Bonham’s death.

September 7, 1990
Led Zeppelin , a four-CD and six-LP box set, is released and reaches

number eighteen
on the Billboard chart. With sales of over one million units, it is the

best-selling box
set in rock history.

January 12, 1995
Steven Tyler and Joe Perry of Aerosmith induct Led Zeppelin into the Rock and

Hall of Fame during a ceremony at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York.
Led Zeppelin , 1969

Led Zeppelin II , 1969

Led Zeppelin III , 1970

Untitled (aka Led Zeppelin IV ), 1971

Houses of the Holy , 1973

Physical Graffi ti , 1975

Presence , 1976

Boxset , 1990

BBC Sessions , 1997

Led Zeppelin DVD ,
How the West Was Won , 2003